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Cho, Jaeweon
OWIELAB(Organic-Water Interface Engineering Laboratory)
Research Interests
  • Convergence of Science and Arts, Feces Standard Money (FSM), Water & Energy

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Measurements of effective sizes and diffusivities of nano-colloids and micro-particles

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Title
Measurements of effective sizes and diffusivities of nano-colloids and micro-particles
Author
Cho, JaeweonPark, Young-JunSun, HyangKim, SuhanYoon, Yeomin
Keywords
Diffusivity; Effective size; Flow field-flow fractionation; Micro-particles; Nano-colloids
Issue Date
2006-02
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
COLLOIDS AND SURFACES A-PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND ENGINEERING ASPECTS, v.274, no.1-3, pp.43 - 47
Abstract
A theoretical diffusivity equation was proposed by Einstein [A. Einstein, Investigations of the Theory of the Brownian Movement, Dover Publication Inc., New York, 1956]; thermodynamic and drag (i.e., resistance or mobility relation) forces were compared at equilibrium. The diffusivity relationship, the ratio of the thermodynamic and drag forces, was combined with steady-state convection and diffusion equations to finally give a relationship between the retention times from flow field-flow fractionation (fl-FFF) and the diffusivity of a particle. An asymmetric fl-FFF system equipped with a regenerated Cellulose membrane with molecular weight cutoff of 1000 and a micro channel employing both laminar channel and cross flows, was used to obtain chromatograms, using UV detection. A wide range of nano-colloids and micro-particles were measured with respect to their effective sizes and diffusivities. The classical FFF theory was incorporated with two different diffusion estimation relations: the Brownian and shear-induced diffusivities. It was found that the fl-FFF system provided similar and much lower sizes compared to absolute sizes provided by the manufacturer, for the smaller colloids (30, 60 nm), and the larger nano-colloids (90 nm and 0.2, 0.3, 0.43 and 0.5 mu m) and micro-particles (0.5, 0.701, 0.993, 2, 3.1, and 8 mu m), respectively. This was due to the larger nano-colloids and micro-particles being influenced by both the Brownian (the normal FFF mode) and shear-induced (the hyperlayer FFF mode) diffusions under the channel laminar and crossing flows condition within the micro channel of the fl-FFF system, which provided effective colloids and particles sizes. For all the nano-colloids and micro-particles, the fl-FFF system was able to determine the effective diffusion coefficients, irrespective of their size. For the micro-particles, the dimensionless diffusion coefficient was suggested to depend on the particle size, rather than that obtained by different methods suggested in previous works [E.C. Eckstein, D.G. Bailey, A.H.. Shapiro, Self-diffusion of particles in shear flow of a suspension, J. Fluid Mech. 79 (Part 1) (1977) 191-208; D. Leighton, A. Acrivos, Measurement of shear-induced self-diffusion in concentrated suspensions of spheres, J. Fluid Mech. 177 (1987) 109-131]. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved
URI
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DOI
10.1016/j.colsurfa.2005.08.036
ISSN
0927-7757
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UEE_Journal Papers
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