Phospholipase C-β3 mediates the thrombin-induced Ca2+ response in glial cells
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- Phospholipase C-β3 mediates the thrombin-induced Ca2+ response in glial cells
- Suh, Pann-Ghill; Hwang, Jong-Ik; Choi, Jung-Woong; Kim, Daesoo; Ryu, Sung Ho; Shin, Kum-Joo; Oh, Yong-Seok; Lee, Zee-Won; Ha, Kwon-Soo; Shin, Hee-Sup
- Issue Date
- KOREAN SOC MOLECULAR & CELLULAR BIOLOGY
- MOLECULES AND CELLS, v.19, no.3, pp.375 - 381
- Phospholipase C-β (PLC-β) hydrolyses phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate and generates inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate in response to activation of various G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Using glial cells from knock-out mice lacking either PLC-β1 [PLC-β1 (-/-)] or PLC-β3 [PLC-β3 (-/-)], we examined which isotype of PLC- participated in the cellular signaling events triggered by thrombin. Generation of inositol phosphates (IPs) was enhanced by thrombin in PLC-β1 (-/-) cells, but was negligible in PLC-β3 (-/-) cells. Expression of PLC-β in PLC-β(-/-) cells resulted in an increase in pertussis toxin (PTx)-sensitive IPs in response to thrombin as well as to PARI-specific peptide, while expression of PLC-β1 in PLC-β1 (-/-) cells did not have any effect on IP generation. The thrombin-induced [Ca2+]i increase was delayed and attenuated in PLC-β3 (-/-) cells, but normal in PLC-β1 (-/-) cells. Pertussis toxin evoked a delayed [Ca2+], increase in PLC-β3 (-/-) cells as well as in PLC-β1 (-/-) cells. These results suggest that activation of PLC-β3 by pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins is responsible for the transient [Ca2+], increase in response to thrombin, whereas the delayed [Ca2+], increase may be due to activation of some other PLC, such as PLC-β4, acting via PTx-insensitive G proteins.
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