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Tailor-made polyamide membranes for water desalination

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Title
Tailor-made polyamide membranes for water desalination
Author
Choi, WansukGu, Joung-EunPark, Sang-HeeKim, SeyongBang, JoonaBaek, Kyung-YoulPark, ByoungnamLee, Jong SukChan, Edwin P.Lee, Jung-Hyun
Issue Date
2015-01
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Citation
ACS NANO, v.9, no.1, pp.345 - 355
Abstract
Independent control of the extrinsic and intrinsic properties of the polyamide (PA) selective layer is essential for designing thin-film composite (TFC) membranes with performance characteristics required for water purification applications besides seawater desalination. Current commercial TFC membranes fabricated via the well-established interfacial polymerization (IP) approach yield materials that are far from ideal because their layer thickness, surface roughness, polymer chemistry, and network structure cannot be separately tailored. In this work, tailor-made PA-based desalination membranes based on molecular layer-by-layer (mLbL) assembly are presented. The mLbL technique enables the construction of an ultrathin and highly cross-linked PA seletive layer in a precisely and independently controlled manner. The mLbL-assembled TFC membranes exhibit significant enhancements in performance compared to their IP-assembled counterparts. A maximum sodium chloride rejection of 98.2% is achieved along with over 2.5 times higher water flux than the IP-assembled counterpart. More importantly, this work demonstrates the broad applicability of mLbL in fabricating a variety of PA-based TFC membranes with nanoscale control of the selective layer thickness and roughness independent of the specific polyamide chemistry.
URI
https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/10729
URL
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nn505318v
DOI
10.1021/nn505318v
ISSN
1936-0851
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