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Kim, Katherine A.
Power Electronics for Advanced Renewable Systems Lab
Research Interests
  • power electronics, DC-DC converter control, converter simulation, photovoltaic modeling, differential power processing converters, energy harvesting, power for wearable applications

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Converter Rating Analysis for Photovoltaic Differential Power Processing Systems

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Title
Converter Rating Analysis for Photovoltaic Differential Power Processing Systems
Author
Kim, Katherine A.Shenoy, Pradeep S.Krein, Philip T.
Keywords
Dc power optimization; Differential power processing (DPP); Photovoltaic (PV); Solar cell degradation; Solar cell variation
Issue Date
2015-04
Publisher
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
Citation
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, v.30, no.4, pp.1987 - 1997
Abstract
When photovoltaic (PV) cells are connected in series, they experience internal and external mismatch that reduces output power. Differential power processing (DPP) architectures achieve high system efficiency by processing a fraction of the total power while maintaining distributed local maximum power point operation. This paper details the computationalmethods and analysis used to determine the operation of PV-to-bus and PV-to-PV DPP architectures with rating-limited converters. Simulations for both DPP architectures are used to evaluate system performance over 25 years of operation. Based on data from field studies, a PV power coefficient of variation can be estimated as 0.086 after 25 years. An improvement figure of merit reflecting the ratio of energy produced to that delivered in a conventional system is introduced to evaluate comparative performance. Converter ratings of 15-17% for PV-to-bus and 23-33% for PV-to-PV architectures are identified as appropriate ratings for a 15-submodule system (five PV panels in series). Both DPP architectures with these ratings are shown to deliver up to 2.8% more power compared to a conventional series-string architecture based on the expected panel variation over 25 years of operation. DPP converters also outperform dc optimizers in terms of lifetime performance.
URI
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DOI
10.1109/TPEL.2014.2326045
ISSN
0885-8993
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