Gel-spun carbon nanotubes/polyacrylonitrile composite fibers. Part III: Effect of stabilization conditions on carbon fiber properties
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- Gel-spun carbon nanotubes/polyacrylonitrile composite fibers. Part III: Effect of stabilization conditions on carbon fiber properties
- Liu, Yaodong; Chae, Han Gi; Kumar, Satish
- Characterization methods; Composite fibers; Fiber properties; Oxidative stabilization; Stabilization time; Structural evolution; Thermal shrinkage; Wide angle Xray diffraction
- Issue Date
- PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
- CARBON, v.49, no.13, pp.4487 - 4496
- The oxidative stabilization process of gel-spun carbon nanotube (CNT)/polyacrylonitrile (PAN) composite fibers have been studied and optimized. Optimum stabilization time depends on both the applied tension and temperature. Various characterization methods including thermal shrinkage, dynamic mechanical analysis, infrared spectroscopy, and wide angle X-ray diffraction are used to monitor the chemical and structural evolution during stabilization and carbonization. The relationship between the stabilization conditions of CNT/PAN composite fiber and the tensile properties of the resulting carbon fibers were investigated. By optimizing stabilization conditions, CNT/PAN based carbon fibers with a tensile strength of 4 GPa and a tensile modulus of 286 GPa were obtained using batch carbonization processing at 1100 °C. ⓒ 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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