Near room-temperature synthesis of transfer-free graphene films
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- Near room-temperature synthesis of transfer-free graphene films
- Kwak, Jinsung; Chu, Jae Hwan; Choi, Jae-Kyung; Park, Soon-Dong; Go, Heungseok; Kim, Sung Youb; Park, Kibog; Kim, Sung-Dae; Kim, Young-Woon; Yoon, Euijoon; Kodambaka, Suneel; Kwon, Soon-Yong
- Issue Date
- NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
- NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v.3, pp.645
- Large-area graphene films are best synthesized via chemical vapour and/or solid deposition methods at elevated temperatures (similar to 1,000 degrees C) on polycrystalline metal surfaces and later transferred onto other substrates for device applications. Here we report a new method for the synthesis of graphene films directly on SiO2/Si substrates, even plastics and glass at close to room temperature (25-160 degrees C). In contrast to other approaches, where graphene is deposited on top of a metal substrate, our method invokes diffusion of carbon through a diffusion couple made up of carbon-nickel/substrate to form graphene underneath the nickel film at the nickel-substrate interface. The resulting graphene layers exhibit tunable structural and optoelectronic properties by nickel grain boundary engineering and show micrometre-sized grains on SiO2 surfaces and nanometre-sized grains on plastic and glass surfaces. The ability to synthesize graphene directly on non-conducting substrates at low temperatures opens up new possibilities for the fabrication of multiple nanoelectronic devices.
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