Edge-carboxylated graphene nanoplatelets as oxygen-rich metal-free cathodes for organic dye-sensitized solar cells
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- Edge-carboxylated graphene nanoplatelets as oxygen-rich metal-free cathodes for organic dye-sensitized solar cells
- Ju, Myung Jong; Jeon, In-Yup; Lim, Kimin; Kim, Jae Cheon; Choi, Hyun-Jung; Choi, In Taek; Eom, Yu Kyung; Kwon, Young Jin; Ko, Jaejung; Lee, Jae-Joon; Baek, Jong-Beom; Kim, Hwan Kyu
- Charge transfer resistance; Dye-Sensitized solar cell; Dye-sensitized solar cells; Electrochemical stabilities; Electrostatic spray; Graphene nanoplatelets; Photovoltaic performance; Reduced graphene oxides (RGO)
- Issue Date
- ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
- ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE, v.7, no.3, pp.1044 - 1052
- Edge-carboxylated graphene nanoplatelets (ECGnPs) were synthesized by the simple, efficient and eco-friendly ball-milling of graphite in the presence of dry ice and used as oxygen-rich metal-free counter electrodes (CEs) in organic dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), for the first time. The resultant ECGnPs are soluble in many polar solvents including 2-propanol due to the polar nature of numerous carboxylic acids at edges, allowing an electrostatic spray (e-spray) to be deposited on fluorine-doped SnO2 (FTO)/glass substrates. The ECGnP-CE exhibited profound improvements in the electrochemical stability for the Co(bpy)3 2+/3+ redox couple compared to the platinum (Pt)-CE. The charge transfer resistance (RCT), related to the interface between an electrolyte and a CE, was significantly reduced to 0.87 Ω cm2, much lower than those of (Pt)-CE (2.19 Ω cm 2), PEDOT:PSS-CE (2.63 Ω cm2) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO)-CE (1.21 Ω cm2). The DSSC based on the JK-303-sensitizer and ECGnP-CE displayed a higher photovoltaic performance (FF, Jsc, and η, 74.4%, 14.07 mA cm-2 and 9.31%) than those with the Pt-CE (71.6%, 13.69 mA cm-2 and 8.67%), PEDOT:PSS (68.7%, 13.68 mA cm-2 and 8.25%) and rGO-CE (72.9%, 13.88 mA cm-2 and 8.94%).
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