State formation and social memory in Sandinista politics
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- State formation and social memory in Sandinista politics
- Tatar, Bradley
- Insurrection; Oral history; Popular culture; Sandinistas; Social memory; State formation
- Issue Date
- SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
- LATIN AMERICAN PERSPECTIVES, v.36, no.5, pp.158 - 177
- The 2006 Nicaraguan elections saw a victory for Daniel Ortega, who has continually been identified as an icon of the revolutionary era in which the Frente Sandinista de Liberacion Nacional (FSLN) destroyed the Somoza regime and formed a revolutionary government. Ortega's success can be better understood by viewing the Nicaraguan Revolution as a state formation process in which popular culture is a field of conflict between social groups. The conflict here is between party militants and Sandinista supporters who do not enjoy the privileges of membership. Examination of oral histories reveals that the conflict between militants and popular combatants began in the Insurrection of Monimbo. The FSLN has appropriated and used the social memories of the combatants to produce its own history of that insurrection. Social memories reflect concrete processes of political subordination that result in the production of a dominant political language.
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