Two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy of the alanine dipeptide in aqueous solution
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- Two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy of the alanine dipeptide in aqueous solution
- Kim, Yung Sam; Wang, JP; Hochstrasser, RM
- Alanine dipeptide; Bloch dynamics; Decoupling analysis; Optical densities
- Issue Date
- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
- JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, v.109, no.15, pp.7511 - 7521
- The linear-infrared and two-dimensional infrared (2D IR) spectra in the amide-I′ region of the alanine dipeptide and its 13C isotopomers in aqueous solution (D 2O) are reported. The two amide-I′ IR transitions have been assigned unambiguously by using 13C isotopic substitution of the carbonyl group; the amide unit at the acetyl end shows a lower transition frequency in the unlabeled species. The ratio of their transition dipole strengths remains almost unchanged upon 13C substitution, indicating the absence of intensity transfer between two vibrators. The 2D IR cross peaks directly associated with intramode coupling in this case show a small off-diagonal anharmonicity (0.2±0.2 cm -1), leading to a small coupling constant (1.5±0.5 cm -1). The coupling and the 2D IR spectra in two different polarizations (〈zzzz〉 and 〈zxxz〉) are as expected for a polyproline-II (PP II)-like conformation for dialanine, with the backbone dihedral angles (φ, ψ) determined to be in the range of (-70° ± 25°, ± 120° ± 25°). Ab initio DFT calculations and normal mode decoupling analysis in the Ramachandran subspace in the neighborhood of PP II conformation confirm the presence of a region where the coupling is vanishingly small and support these experimental findings. The relationship between the coupling and off-diagonal anharmonicity is consolidated by examining the distribution of the latter from an ensemble averaged Hamiltonian incorporating uncorrelated diagonal frequency distributions and a small coupling (<2 cm -1); it is found that the most probable value for the off-diagonal anharmonicity falls into the range of experimental observations. Further, incorporating DFT results, the simulated linear-IR and 2D IR can reproduce the essential features of the measurements, including the transition frequency positions and apparent peak intensities. All the experimental results and simulations are consistent with a PP II-like conformation for the alanine dipeptide in aqueous solution, in which two amide-I′ modes are highly localized and whose frequency distributions are uncorrelated.
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