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Lee, Changsoo
Applied Biotechnology Lab for Environment (ABLE)
Research Interests
  • Bioconversion, Bioenergy, Biogas, Biological treatment, Biorefinery, Microbial community

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Methanogenic community shift in anaerobic batch digesters treating swine wastewater

DC Field Value Language
dc.contributor.author Kim, Woong ko
dc.contributor.author Lee, Seungyong ko
dc.contributor.author Shin, Seung Gu ko
dc.contributor.author Lee, Changsoo ko
dc.contributor.author Hwang, Kwanghyun ko
dc.contributor.author Hwang, Seokhwan ko
dc.date.available 2014-11-05T02:05:15Z -
dc.date.created 2014-11-04 ko
dc.date.issued 2010-09 -
dc.identifier.citation WATER RESEARCH, v.44, no.17, pp.4900 - 4907 ko
dc.identifier.issn 0043-1354 ko
dc.identifier.uri https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/8265 -
dc.identifier.uri http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=77957314833 ko
dc.description.abstract Qualitative and quantitative molecular analysis techniques were used to determine associations between differences in methanogenic microbial communities and the efficiency of batch anaerobic digesters. Two bioreactors were initially seeded with anaerobic sludge originating from a local municipal wastewater treatment plant and then supplemented with swine wastewater. Differences were observed in the total amount of methane produced in the two bioreactors (7.9. L/L, and 4.5. L/L, respectively). To explain these differences, efforts were taken to characterize the microbial populations present using a PCR-based DGGE analysis with methanogenic primer and probe sets. The groups Methanomicrobiales (MMB), Methanobacteriales (MBT), and Methanosarcinales (MSL) were detected, but Methanococcales (MCC) was not detected. Following this qualitative assay, real-time PCR was used to investigate quantitative differences in the populations of these methanogenic orders. MMB was found to be the dominant order present and its abundance patterns were different in the two digesters. The population profiles of the other methanogenic groups also differed. Through redundancy analysis, correlations between the concentrations of the different microbes and chemical properties such as volatile fatty acids were calculated. Correlations between MBT and MSL populations and chemical properties were found to be consistent in both digesters, however, differences were observed in the correlations between MMB and propionate. These results suggest that interactions between populations of MMB and other methanogens affected the final methane yield, despite MMB remaining the dominant group overall. The exact details of why changes in the MMB community caused different profiles of methane production could not be ascertained. However, this research provides evidence that microbial behavior is important for regulating the performance of anaerobic processes. ko
dc.description.statementofresponsibility close -
dc.language ENG ko
dc.publisher PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD ko
dc.subject Anaerobic digestion ko
dc.subject Methanobacteriales (MBT) ko
dc.subject Methanomicrobiales (MMB) ko
dc.subject Methanosarcinales (MSL) methanogenesis ko
dc.subject Microbial community change ko
dc.subject Redundancy analysis (RDA) ko
dc.subject Swine wastewater ko
dc.title Methanogenic community shift in anaerobic batch digesters treating swine wastewater ko
dc.type ARTICLE ko
dc.identifier.scopusid 2-s2.0-77957314833 ko
dc.identifier.wosid 000283910600009 ko
dc.type.rims ART ko
dc.description.wostc 16 *
dc.description.scopustc 18 *
dc.date.tcdate 2015-05-06 *
dc.date.scptcdate 2014-11-04 *
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.watres.2010.07.029 ko
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