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Im, Jungho
Intelligent Remote sensing and geospatial Information Science Lab.
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dc.citation.title QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY - Cho, Dongjin - Im, Jungho - Jung, Sihun - 2024-02-07T18:05:10Z - 2024-02-07T18:05:10Z - 2024-01-31 - 2024-04 -
dc.description.abstract Reliable early forecasting of extreme summer air temperatures is essential for effectively managing and mitigating the socioeconomic damage caused by thermal disasters. Numerical weather prediction models have become valuable tools for forecasting air temperature; however, they incur high computational costs, resulting in coarse spatial resolution and systematic bias owing to imperfect parametrization. To address these problems, we developed a novel statistical downscaling and bias correction method (named DeU-Net) for the maximum and minimum air temperature (Tmax and Tmin respectively) forecasts obtained from the Global Data Assimilation and Prediction System with a spatial resolution of 10 to 1.5 km over South Korea through the fusion of deep learning (i.e., U-Net) and spatial interpolation. In this study, we used a methodology to decompose statistically downscaled Tmax and Tmin forecasts into temporal dynamics over South Korea and spatial fluctuations by pixels. When comparing the proposed DeU-Net with the dynamical downscaling model (i.e., Local Data Assimilation and Prediction System) and support vector regression-based statistical downscaling model at the seen and unseen stations for forecasting the next-day Tmax and Tmin, DeU-Net showed the highest spatial correlation and the lowest root-mean-square error in all cases. In a qualitative evaluation, DeU-Net successfully produced a detailed spatial distribution most similar to the observations. A further comparison extending the forecast lead time to 7 days indicated that the proposed DeU-Net is a better downscaling approach than support vector regression, regardless of the forecast lead time. These results demonstrate that bias-corrected high spatial resolution air temperature forecasts with relatively long forecast lead times in summer can be effectively produced using the proposed model for operational forecasting. Examples of the spatial distribution of Tmax and Tmin forecasts from 1-day to 3-day lead time from the Global Data Assimilation and Prediction System model statistically downscaled by the DeU-Net proposed in this study.image -
dc.identifier.doi 10.1002/qj.4643 -
dc.identifier.issn 0035-9009 -
dc.identifier.scopusid 2-s2.0-85182655868 -
dc.identifier.uri -
dc.identifier.wosid 001144013400001 -
dc.language 영어 -
dc.publisher WILEY -
dc.title A new statistical downscaling approach for short-term forecasting of summer air temperatures through a fusion of deep learning and spatial interpolation -
dc.type Article -
dc.description.isOpenAccess FALSE -
dc.relation.journalWebOfScienceCategory Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences -
dc.relation.journalResearchArea Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences -
dc.type.docType Article; Early Access -
dc.description.journalRegisteredClass scie -
dc.description.journalRegisteredClass scopus -
dc.subject.keywordAuthor air temperature forecasting -
dc.subject.keywordAuthor decomposition -
dc.subject.keywordAuthor deep learning -
dc.subject.keywordAuthor spatial interpolation -
dc.subject.keywordAuthor statistical downscaling -
dc.subject.keywordPlus PRECIPITATION -
dc.subject.keywordPlus REGRESSION -
dc.subject.keywordPlus MODEL -
dc.subject.keywordPlus URBAN -


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