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Cha, Chaenyung
Integrative Biomaterials Engineering
Research Interests
  • Biopolymer, nanocomposites, microfabrication, tissue engineering, drug delivery

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Tailoring the Dependency between Rigidity and Water Uptake of a Microfabricated Hydrogel with the Conformational Rigidity of a Polymer Cross-Linker

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Title
Tailoring the Dependency between Rigidity and Water Uptake of a Microfabricated Hydrogel with the Conformational Rigidity of a Polymer Cross-Linker
Author
Schmidt, John J.Jeong, Jae HyunChan, VincentCha, ChaenyungBaek, KwanghyunLai, Mei-HsiuBashir, RashidKong, Hyunjoon
Keywords
Biological applications; Chain flexibility; Conformational rigidity; Degree of swelling; Diverse applications; Hydrophobic association; Polyacrylamide hydrogels; Polyacrylic acids
Issue Date
2013-05
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Citation
BIOMACROMOLECULES, v.14, no.5, pp.1361 - 1369
Abstract
Many diverse applications utilize hydrogels as carriers, sensors, and actuators, and these applications rely on the refined control of physical properties of the hydrogel, such as elastic modulus and degree of swelling. Often, hydrogel properties are interdependent; for example, when elastic modulus is increased, degree of swelling is decreased. Controlling these inverse dependencies remains a major barrier for broader hydrogel applications. We hypothesized that polymer cross-linkers with varied chain flexibility would allow us to tune the inverse dependency between the elastic modulus and the degree of swelling of the hydrogels. We examined this hypothesis by using alginate and poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) modified with a controlled number of methacrylic groups as model inflexible and flexible cross-linkers, respectively. Interestingly, the polyacrylamide hydrogel crosslinked by the inflexible alginate methacrylates exhibited less dependency between the degree of swelling and the elastic modulus than the hydrogel cross-linked by flexible PAA methacrylates. This critical role of the cross-linker's inflexibility was related to the difference of the degree of hydrophobic association between polymer cross-linkers, as confirmed with pyrene probes added in pregel solutions. Furthermore, hydrogels cross-linked with alginate methacrylates could tune the projection area of adhered cells by solely altering elastic moduli. In contrast, gels cross-linked with PAA methacrylates failed to modulate the cellular adhesion morphology due to a lower, and smaller, elastic modulus range to be controlled. Overall, the results of this study will significantly advance the controllability of hydrogel properties and greatly enhance the performance of hydrogels in various biological applications.
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DOI
10.1021/bm302004v
ISSN
1525-7797
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MSE_Journal Papers
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