Partial purification and properties of a phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate hydrolyzing phospholipase C from the soluble fraction of soybean sprouts
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- Partial purification and properties of a phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate hydrolyzing phospholipase C from the soluble fraction of soybean sprouts
- Park, SK; Lee, JR; Lee, SS; Son, HJ; Yoo, JY; Moon, JC; Kwon, HY; Lim, CO; Bahk, JD; Cho, Moo Je; Lee, SY
- PIP2-hydrolyzing Phospholipase C; PLC Isozymes; Signal Transduction; Soluble Fraction; Soybean Sprouts
- Issue Date
- KOREAN SOC MOLECULAR & CELLULAR BIOLOGY
- MOLECULES AND CELLS, v.13, no.3, pp.377 - 384
- Three soluble enzyme fractions (F-I, F-II, and F-III) that hydrolyze phophoinositides were separated from soybean sprouts by using Matrex green gel column chromatography. Among the three phosphatidylinositol (PI)-specific phopholipsase C (PLC) enzymes, only the third fraction (F-III) was able to hydrolyze phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) as well as phosphatidylinositol (PI) and phosphatidylinositol phosphate (PIP) as substrates. The F-I and F-II fractions only showed enzymatic activities for PI and PIP. The PIP2-hydrolyzing PLC protein, F-III, was partially purified using the chromatographic steps of the Matrex green gel, phenyl Toyopearl, Matrex orange gel, Mono S cation exchange, and superose 6 gel filtration columns. The molecular weight of the F-III protein was estimated to be about 64 kDa on SDS-PAGE. The protein showed immunocross-reactivity with a polyclonal antibody that was prepared against the X and Y motifs of animal PLC enzymes, the conserved catalytic domains. Ca2+ ion critically affected the PIP2-hydrolyzing PLC activity of the F-III protein, representing maximal activity at 10 muM Ca2+ concentration. The PIP2-hydrolyzing PLC activity of the protein was also significantly increased by sodium deoxycholate (SDC) from 0.05 to 0.08%. However, the activity was greatly reduced above the concentration, and no activity was detected at 0.3% SDC. In addition, the protein exhibited maximal PIP2-hydrolyzing PLC activity at pH, in the range of 6.5-7.5.
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