Heterometallic Gd-Dy Formate Frameworks for Enhanced Magnetocaloric Properties
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- Heterometallic Gd-Dy Formate Frameworks for Enhanced Magnetocaloric Properties
- Kim, Suhwan; Muhammad, Raeesh; Son, Kwanghyo; Oh, Hyunchul
- Issue Date
- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
- INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, v.62, no.7, pp.2994 - 2999
- Lanthanide-based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have great potential as magnetic refrigerants under cryogenic conditions and are comparable to conventional alloys and magnetic nanoparticles. In particular, MOFs with Gd3+ ions behave as excellent magnetic refrigerants because of their large spin ground states. However, the major drawback of Gd3+-based MOFs is that they are not affected by the ligand material owing to the excessively large spin-only magnetic moment; therefore, their application is limited to the cryogenic region in the magnetic cooling field. In this study, we report the magnetic properties and magnetocaloric effect (MCE) resulting from heterogenized MOFs obtained from the reaction of Gd3+ and Dy3+ ions and their varied molar composition with the formate ligand. For GdxDy1-x-(HCOO)3, where 0 < x < 1, the isothermal magnetic entropy change (Delta Sm) increased with the increase in the fraction of Gd in the heterogenized MOFs. Meanwhile, with increasing Dy contents, the maximum peak temperature of Delta Sm is shifted to a higher temperature while preserving a relatively high Delta Sm value of 22.35 J center dot kg-1 K-1 at T = 7 K for an applied field change (Delta H) of 7 T despite the anisotropy and crystalline electric field effects. Furthermore, it was confirmed that the samples with a Dy content of 75% or more maintained the Delta Sm operating temperature longer. Therefore, the current approach of including Dy3+ ions in lanthanide compounds provides the possibility of further extending the operating temperature of magnetic cooling materials from cryogenic temperatures.
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