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Kim, Taesung
Microfluidics & Nanomechatronics Lab.
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Analyses of Pore-Size-Dependent Ionic Transport in Nanopores in the Presence of Concentration and Temperature Gradients

Seo, DongwooKim, DongjunSeo, SangjinPark, JungyulKim, Taesung
Issued Date
ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, v.15, no.1, pp.2409 - 2418
Mass transport through nanopores occurs in various natural systems, including the human body. For example, ion transport across nerve cell membranes plays a significant role in neural signal transmission, which can be significantly affected by the electrolyte and temperature conditions. To better understand and control the underlying nanoscopic transport, it is necessary to develop multiphysical transport models as well as validate them using enhanced experimental methods for facile nanopore fabrication and precise nanoscale transport characterization. Here, we report a nanopore-integrated microfluidic platform to characterize ion transport in the presence of electrolyte and temperature gradients; we employ our previous self-assembled particle membrane (SAPM)-integrated microfluidic platform to produce various nanopores with different pore sizes. Subsequently, we quantify pore-size-dependent ionic transport by measuring the short circuit current (SCC) and open circuit voltage (OCV) across various nanopores by manipulating the electrolyte and temperature gradients. We establish three simple theoretical models that heavily depend on pore size, electrolyte concentration, and temperature and subsequently validate them with the experimental results. Finally, we anticipate that the results of this study would help clarify ion transport phenomena at low-temperature conditions, not only providing a fundamental understanding but also enabling practical applications of cryo-anesthesia in the near future.
American Chemical Society
Keyword (Author)
cryo-anesthesiadiffusioosmosishuman signalingionic transportnanopores


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