Regulation of BRCA1 stability through the tandem UBX domains of isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase 1
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- Regulation of BRCA1 stability through the tandem UBX domains of isoleucyl-tRNA synthetase 1
- Chung, Scisung; Kang, Mi-Sun; Alimbetov, Dauren S.; Mun, Gil-Im; Yunn, Na-Oh; Kim, Yunjin; Kim, Byung-Gyu; Wie, Minwoo; Lee, Eun A.; Ra, Jae Sun; Oh, Jung-Min; Lee, Donghyun; Lee, Keondo; Kim, Jihan; Han, Seung Hyun; Kim, Kyong-Tai; Chung, Wan Kyun; Nam, Ki Hyun; Park, Jaehyun; Lee, ByungHoon; Kim, Sunghoon; Zhao, Weixing; Ryu, Sung Ho; Lee, Yun-Sil; Myung, Kyungjae; Cho, Yunje
- Issue Date
- NATURE PORTFOLIO
- NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v.13, no.1, pp.6732
- Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases possess unique domains. In this study the structure of the vertebrate IARS1 and EARS1 complex reveals that vertebrate IARS1 protects the DNA repair factor BRCA1 from proteolytic degradation via its UBX-fold domain. Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (ARSs) have evolved to acquire various additional domains. These domains allow ARSs to communicate with other cellular proteins in order to promote non-translational functions. Vertebrate cytoplasmic isoleucyl-tRNA synthetases (IARS1s) have an uncharacterized unique domain, UNE-I. Here, we present the crystal structure of the chicken IARS1 UNE-I complexed with glutamyl-tRNA synthetase 1 (EARS1). UNE-I consists of tandem ubiquitin regulatory X (UBX) domains that interact with a distinct hairpin loop on EARS1 and protect its neighboring proteins in the multi-synthetase complex from degradation. Phosphomimetic mutation of the two serine residues in the hairpin loop releases IARS1 from the complex. IARS1 interacts with BRCA1 in the nucleus, regulates its stability by inhibiting ubiquitylation via the UBX domains, and controls DNA repair function.
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