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Joo, Jinmyoung
Laboratory for Advanced Biomaterials and Regenerative Medicine
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Enhancement of anti-tumor activity in melanoma using arginine deiminase fused with 30Kc19 alpha protein

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Title
Enhancement of anti-tumor activity in melanoma using arginine deiminase fused with 30Kc19 alpha protein
Author
Lee, HaeinPark, GeunhwaKim, SeulhaSon, BoramJoo, JinmyoungPark, Hee HoPark, Tai Hyun
Issue Date
2022-10
Publisher
SPRINGER
Citation
APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
Abstract
Arginine deiminase (ADI) is a microbial-derived enzyme which catalyzes the conversion of l-arginine into l-citrulline. ADI originating from Mycoplasma has been reported to present anti-tumor activity against arginine-auxotrophic tumors, including melanoma. Melanoma cells are sensitive to arginine depletion due to reduced expression of argininosuccinate synthase 1 (ASS1), a key enzyme for arginine biosynthesis. However, clinical applications of recombinant ADI for melanoma treatment present some limitations. Since recombinant ADI is not human-derived, it shows instability, proteolytic degradation, and antigenicity in human serum. In addition, there is a problem of drug resistance issue due to the intracellular expression of once-silenced ASS1. Moreover, recombinant ADI proteins are mainly expressed as inclusion body forms in Escherichia coli and require a time-consuming refolding process to turn them back into active form. Herein, we propose fusion of recombinant ADI from Mycoplasma hominis and 30Kc19 alpha, a cell-penetrating protein which also increases stability and soluble expression of cargo proteins, to overcome these problems. We inserted matrix metalloproteinase-2 cleavable linker between ADI and 30Kc19 alpha to increase enzyme activity in melanoma cells. Compared to ADI, ADI-LK-30Kc19 alpha showed enhanced solubility, stability, and cell penetration. The fusion protein demonstrated selective cytotoxicity and reduced drug resistance in melanoma cells, thus would be a promising strategy for the improved efficacy in melanoma treatment.
URI
https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/60016
DOI
10.1007/s00253-022-12218-0
ISSN
0175-7598
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