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Kim, Jae Joon
Circuits & Systems Design Lab.
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Ferroelectricity-Coupled 2D-MXene-Based Hierarchically Designed High-Performance Stretchable Triboelectric Nanogenerator

Ghosh, Sujoy KumarKim, JinyoungKim, Minsoo P.Na, SangyunCho, JeonghoonKim, Jae JoonKo, Hyunhyub
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ACS NANO, v.16, no.7, pp.11415 - 11427
Triboelectric nanogenerators based on the state-of-the-art functional materials and device engineering provide an exciting platform for future multifunctional electronics, but it remains challenging to realize due to the lack of in-depth understanding on the functional properties of nanomaterials that are compatible with microstructural engineering. In this study, a high-performance stretchable (similar to 60% strain) triboelectric nanogenerator is demonstrated via an interlocked microstructural device configuration sandwiched between silvernanowire-(Ag-NW) electrodes and hierarchically engineered spongy thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) polymer composite with ferroelectric barium-titanate-coupled (BTO-coupled) 2D MXene (Ti3C2Tx) nanosheets. The use of MXene results in an increase in the dielectric constant whereas the dielectric loss is lowered via coupling with the ferroelectricity of BTO, which increases the overall output performance of the nanogenerator. The spongy nature of the composite film increases the capacitance variation under deformation, which results in improved energyconversion efficiency (similar to 79%) and pressure sensitivity (4.6 VkPa-1 and 2.5 mAkPa-1) of the device. With the quantum-mechanically calculated electronic structure, the device converts biomechanical energy to electrical energy and generates an open-circuit output voltage of 260 V, short-circuit output current of 160 mA/m2, and excellent power output of 6.65 W/m2, which is sufficient to operate several consumer electronics. Owing to its superior pressure sensitivity and efficiency, the device enables a broad range of applications including real-time clinical human vital-sign monitoring, acoustic sensing, and multidimensional gesture-sensing functionality of a robotic hand. Considering the ease of fabrication, excellent functionality of the hierarchical polymer nanocomposite, and outstanding energy-harvesting performance of nanogenerators, this work is expected to stimulate the development of next-generation self-powered technology.
Keyword (Author)
Triboelectric nanogeneratorMXeneferroelectricitystretchablerobotics


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