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Shin, Tae Joo
UNIST Synchrotron Radiation Research Laboratory
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  • Synchrotron Radiation Application Researches

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General Efficacy of Atomically Dispersed Pt Catalysts for the Chlorine Evolution Reaction: Potential-Dependent Switching of the Kinetics and Mechanism

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Title
General Efficacy of Atomically Dispersed Pt Catalysts for the Chlorine Evolution Reaction: Potential-Dependent Switching of the Kinetics and Mechanism
Author
Lim, TaejungKim, Jae HyungKim, JinjongBaek, Du SanShin, Tae JooJeong, Hu YoungLee, Kug-SeungExner, Kai S.Joo, Sang Hoon
Issue Date
2021-10
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Citation
ACS CATALYSIS, v.11, no.19, pp.12232 - 12246
Abstract
The electrochemical chlorine evolution reaction (CER) is a key anodic reaction in the chlor-alkali process for Cl-2 production, on-site generation of ClO-, and Cl-2-mediated electrosynthesis. Although Ru-based mixed metal oxides have long been used as CER catalysts, they suffer from a selectivity problem due to the competing oxygen evolution reaction. To overcome this shortcoming, we have developed a new CER catalyst composed of atomically dispersed Pt-N-4 sites on carbon nanotubes (Pt-1/CNT). In this study, we demonstrate that the catalytically active Pt-N4 sites can be constructed from H2PtCl6 center dot 6H(2)O and an ionic liquid via a bottom-up approach and a Pt-porphyrin-driven top-down method. Both catalysts exhibit excellent CER activity and remarkable selectivity, demonstrating the general efficacy of Pt-1/CNT for the CER. The electrochemical and in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy analyses reveal that Pt1/CNT catalysts show a reaction order of similar to 1.8 in the low overpotential regime, where the Volmer step is reconciled with the rate-determining step (RDS). Interestingly, in the high overpotential region, the CER over Pt-1/CNT proceeds with a lower reaction order and the RDS switches to the Heyrovsky step. These unprecedented kinetic insights are clearly distinguished from the oxide-based CER catalysts with the opposite sequence of the RDS.
URI
https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/54111
URL
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acscatal.1c03893
DOI
10.1021/acscatal.1c03893
ISSN
2155-5435
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