The impact of coupled air-sea interaction on extreme East Asian summer monsoon simulation in CMIP5 models
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- The impact of coupled air-sea interaction on extreme East Asian summer monsoon simulation in CMIP5 models
- Kim, Taehyung; Lee, Soheon; Park, Hye-Jin; Cha, Dong-Hyun; Seo, Kyong-Hwan
- Issue Date
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY
- In this study, the relationship between the ability to simulate air-sea interactions over the western North Pacific (WNP), and to reproduce the extreme East Asian summer monsoon (EASM), were investigated by comparing the performances of several global climate models (GCMs). High ranked in air-sea interaction simulation (HRA) and low ranked in air-sea interaction simulation (LRA) models were selected, according to their performance in simulating relations between sea surface temperature (SST) and precipitation over the WNP, from the ensemble of models that participated in the third and fifth phases of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP3, CMIP5). Compared with CMIP3 models, CMIP5 models exhibited improved simulations of the distinctive air-sea interaction over the WNP, namely, the strong atmospheric forcing on the ocean. Among CMIP5 models, HRA models, which reproduced intrinsic negative correlations between precipitation and SST over the WNP, could simulate the extreme EASM better than LRA models. In particular, HRA models generated a more realistic spatial distribution of the extreme EASM compared with LRA models. The defects of the LRA models resulted from distorted synoptic fields, including underestimated geopotential height and overestimated low-level wind over the WNP, inducing unrealistic moisture supply and convection due to the exaggerated SST forcing. In contrast, reasonable air-sea interactions represented in HRA models lead to realistic synoptic fields over the WNP, and proper simulation of the extreme EASM.
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