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Kim, Donghyuk
Systems Biology and Machine Learning Lab.
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dc.citation.startPage 637716 -
dc.citation.volume 8 - Park, Hyun-Eui - Park, Jin-Sik - Park, Hong-Tae - Choi, Jeong-Gyu - Shin, Jeong-Ih - Jung, Myunghwan - Kang, Hyung-Lyun - Baik, Seung-Chul - Lee, Woo-Kon - Kim, Donghyuk - Yoo, Han Sang - Shin, Min-Kyoung - 2023-12-21T16:09:45Z - 2023-12-21T16:09:45Z - 2021-04-20 - 2021-03 -
dc.description.abstract Johne's disease (JD) is a chronic granulomatous enteritis of ruminants caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP), which induces persistent diarrhea and cachexia. JD causes huge economic losses to the dairy industry due to reduced milk production and premature culling. Infected animals excrete MAP via feces during the prolonged subclinical stage without exhibiting any clinical signs. Therefore, accurate detection of subclinical stage animals is crucial for successful eradication of JD in the herd. In the current study, we analyzed serum samples of MAP-infected and non-infected cattle to identify potential biomarker candidates. First, we identified 12 differentially expressed serum proteins in subclinical and clinical shedder groups compared to the healthy control group. Second, we conducted ELISA for three selected biomarkers (alpha-2-macroglobulin (A2M), alpha-1-beta glycoprotein, and transthyretin) and compared their diagnostic performance with that of two commercial ELISA diagnostic kits. Serum A2M levels were significantly higher in the MAP-exposed, subclinical shedder, subclinical non-shedder, and clinical shedder groups than in the healthy control group, suggesting its possible use as a diagnostic biomarker for MAP infection. Furthermore, A2M demonstrated a sensitivity of 90.4%, and a specificity of 100% while the two commercial ELISA kits demonstrated a sensitivity of 67.83 and 73.04% and a specificity of 100%, respectively. In conclusion, our results suggest that measuring A2M by ELISA can be used as a diagnostic tool to detect MAP infection, considerably improving the detection rate of subclinical shedders and MAP-exposed animals that are undetectable using current diagnostic tools. -
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation FRONTIERS IN VETERINARY SCIENCE, v.8, pp.637716 -
dc.identifier.doi 10.3389/fvets.2021.637716 -
dc.identifier.issn 2297-1769 -
dc.identifier.scopusid 2-s2.0-85102885026 -
dc.identifier.uri -
dc.identifier.url -
dc.identifier.wosid 000630191800001 -
dc.language 영어 -
dc.publisher FRONTIERS MEDIA SA -
dc.title Alpha-2-Macroglobulin as a New Promising Biomarker Improving the Diagnostic Sensitivity of Bovine Paratuberculosis -
dc.type Article -
dc.description.isOpenAccess TRUE -
dc.relation.journalWebOfScienceCategory Veterinary Sciences -
dc.relation.journalResearchArea Veterinary Sciences -
dc.type.docType Article -
dc.description.journalRegisteredClass scie -
dc.description.journalRegisteredClass scopus -
dc.subject.keywordAuthor Johne&apos -
dc.subject.keywordAuthor s disease -
dc.subject.keywordAuthor biomarkers -
dc.subject.keywordAuthor alpha-2-macroglobulin -
dc.subject.keywordAuthor cattle -
dc.subject.keywordAuthor serum -


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