Replacing conventional battery electrolyte additives with dioxolone derivatives for high-energy-density lithium-ion batteries
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- Replacing conventional battery electrolyte additives with dioxolone derivatives for high-energy-density lithium-ion batteries
- Park, Sewon; Jeong, Seo Yeong; Lee, Tae Kyung; Park, Min Woo; Lim, Hyeong Yong; Sung, Jaekyung; Cho, Jaephil; Kwak, Sang Kyu; Hong, Sung You; Choi, Nam-Soon
- Issue Date
- Nature Publishing Group
- NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v.12, pp.838
- Solid electrolyte interphases generated using electrolyte additives are key for anode-electrolyte interactions and for enhancing the lithium-ion battery lifespan. Classical solid electrolyte interphase additives, such as vinylene carbonate and fluoroethylene carbonate, have limited potential for simultaneously achieving a long lifespan and fast chargeability in high-energy-density lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Here we report a next-generation synthetic additive approach that allows to form a highly stable electrode-electrolyte interface architecture from fluorinated and silylated electrolyte additives; it endures the lithiation-induced volume expansion of Si-embedded anodes and provides ion channels for facile Li-ion transport while protecting the Ni-rich LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 cathodes. The retrosynthetically designed solid electrolyte interphase-forming additives, 5-methyl-4-((trifluoromethoxy)methyl)-1,3-dioxol-2-one and 5-methyl-4-((trimethylsilyloxy)methyl)-1,3-dioxol-2-one, provide spatial flexibility to the vinylene carbonate-derived solid electrolyte interphase via polymeric propagation with the vinyl group of vinylene carbonate. The interface architecture from the synthesized vinylene carbonate-type additive enables high-energy-density LIBs with 81.5% capacity retention after 400 cycles at 1 C and fast charging capability (1.9% capacity fading after 100 cycles at 3 C).
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