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PCNA unloading is negatively regulated by BET proteins

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Title
PCNA unloading is negatively regulated by BET proteins
Author
Kim, Jinwoo
Advisor
Myung, Kyungjae
Issue Date
2020-08
Publisher
Graduate School of UNIST
Abstract
Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) is a DNA clamp essential for DNA replication. During DNA synthesis, PCNA is continuously loaded onto and unloaded from DNA. PCNA recruits various proteins to nascent DNA to facilitate chromosome duplication. Therefore, timely PCNA unloading is crucial for high-fidelity DNA replication. The ATAD5-RFC-like complex (ATAD5-RLC) unloads PCNA from replicated DNA. It is unclear how ATAD5-RLC activity is regulated to prevent premature PCNA unloading. Here, we found that BRD4, an acetyl-histone-binding chromatin reader, inhibits the PCNA-unloading activity of ATAD5-RLC. The BRD4 ET domain interacts with a region upstream of the ATAD5 PCNA-unloading domain. BRD4-ATAD5 binds to acetyl-histones in nascent chromatin. BRD4 released from chromatin correlates with PCNA unloading. Disruption of the interaction between BRD4 and acetyl-histones or between BRD4 and ATAD5 reduces the PCNA amount on chromatin. In contrast, the overexpression of BRD4 increases the amount of chromatin-bound PCNA. Thus, acetyl-histone-bound BRD4 fine-tunes PCNA unloading from nascent DNA.
Description
Department of Biological Sciences
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