Bio-Oil Upgrading via Catalytic Pyrolysis of Waste Mandarin Residue Over SBA-15 Catalysts
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- Bio-Oil Upgrading via Catalytic Pyrolysis of Waste Mandarin Residue Over SBA-15 Catalysts
- Kim, Jeong Wook; Joo, Sang Hoon; Seo, Bora; Kim, Seong-Soo; Shin, Dae-Hyun; Park, Sung Hoon; Jeon, Jong-Ki; Park, Young-Kwon
- Issue Date
- AMER SCIENTIFIC PUBLISHERS
- JOURNAL OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY, v.13, no.4, pp.2566 - 2572
- Mesoporous SBA-15-based catalysts were applied, for the first time, to the pyrolysis of waste mandarin residue. Si-SBA-15 with few acid sites, Al-SBA-15 with a significant amount of acid sites owing to the alumination treatment, and Pt/Al-SBA-15, which was synthesized by incorporating 7.1-nm Pt nanoparticles on Al-SBA-15, were used. Pyrolysis experiments were conducted by pyrolysis gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy to determine the catalytic activities of the catalysts used. X-ray diffraction, nitrogen adsorption, NH3- temperature-programmed desorption and transmission electron microscopy were used to characterize the catalysts. Al-SBA-15 produced higher quality bio-oil than Si-SBA-15 due to its better deoxygenation and cracking performance stemming from the presence of acid sites. Pt/Al-SBA-15 showed the highest oxygenate conversion as well as the largest yield of high-value-added compounds, such as aromatics, low-molecular-mass hydrocarbons and furans.
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