Efficient Exciton Diffusion in Organic Bilayer Heterojunctions with Nonfullerene Small Molecular Acceptors

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Title
Efficient Exciton Diffusion in Organic Bilayer Heterojunctions with Nonfullerene Small Molecular Acceptors
Author
Lee, Tack HoPark, Song YiPark, Won-WooDu, XiaoyanSon, Jae HoonLi, NingKwon, Oh HoonWoo, Han YoungBrabec, Christoph J.Kim, Jin Young
Issue Date
2020-04
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Citation
Acs Energy Letters, v.5, no.5, pp.1628 - 1635
Abstract
Solution-processed bilayer organic solar cells (OSCs) with high performance are demonstrated for nonfullerene small molecular acceptors (NFAs). Unlike fullerene acceptors, NFAs show significant spectral overlap between their absorption and the photoluminescence (PL) of a polymer donor, which makes the design of an efficient exciton-harvesting bilayer heterojunction possible. Efficient exciton diffusion in the organic bilayer heterojunction is realized by long-range energy transfer between a polymer donor and NFAs. We observed efficient exciton diffusion from the polymer/NFA bilayer heterojunctions via thickness-dependent PL quenching and time-resolved PL measurements. Despite the strongly reduced donor–acceptor interface area, a substantial density of charge-transfer states is observed for the polymer/NFA bilayer heterojunctions by electroluminescence measurements. Overall, polymer/NFA bilayer heterojunction OSCs demonstrate a power conversion efficiency of 9%–10%, which is comparable to the photovoltaic performance of bulk heterojunction OSCs, with the additional advantage of simplified microstructure formation.
URI
https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/32156
URL
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsenergylett.0c00564
DOI
10.1021/acsenergylett.0c00564
ISSN
2380-8195
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