Vivid and Fully Saturated Blue Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Ligand-Modified Halide Perovskite Nanocrystals
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- Vivid and Fully Saturated Blue Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Ligand-Modified Halide Perovskite Nanocrystals
- Shin, Yun Seop; Yoon, Yung Jin; Lee, Kang Taek; Jeong, Jaeki; Park, Song Yi; Kim, Gi-Hwan; Kim, Jin Young
- Issue Date
- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
- ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, v.11, no.26, pp.23401 - 23409
- CsPbX3 (X = I, Br, Cl) perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) have recently emerged as emitting materials for optoelectronic and display applications owing to their easily tunable emissions, high photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY), and vivid color purity (full width at half maximum of approximately 20 nm). However, the lagging quantum yields of blue-emitting perovskite NCs have resulted in low efficiency compared to green or red perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs); moreover, the long insulating ligands (such as oleylamine and oleic acid) inhibit charge carrier injection. In this study, we demonstrated a facile ligand-mediated post-treatment (LMPT) method for high-quality perovskite NCs with changing optical properties to allow fine-tuning of the target emission wavelength. This method involves the use of a mixed halide ion-pair ligand, di-dodecyl dimethyl ammonium bromide, and chloride, which can induce a reconstruction through a self-anion exchange. Using the LMPT method, the PLQY of the surface-passivated blue-emitting NCs was dramatically enhanced to over 70% within the 485 nm blue emission region and 50% within the 467 nm deep-blue emission region. Through this treatment, we achieved highly efficient blue-PeLED maximum external quantum efficiencies of 0.44 and 0.86% within the 470 and 480 +/- 2 nm electroluminescence emission regions, respectively.
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