Multifunctional and Highly Sensitive Electronic Skins Based on Micro/Nanostructured Composite Materials
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- Multifunctional and Highly Sensitive Electronic Skins Based on Micro/Nanostructured Composite Materials
- Other Titles
- 마이크로/나노구조 복합 소재 기반 다기능성 및 고감도 인공전자피부
- Park, Jonghwa
- Ko, Hyunhyub
- Issue Date
- Graduate School of UNIST
- Electronic skins (e-skins) enabling to detect various mechanical/chemical stimuli and environmental conditions by converting into various electrical and optical signals have attracted much attentions for various fields including wearable electronics, intelligent/medical robotics, healthcare monitoring devices, and haptic interfaces. Conventional e-skins have been widely used for the realization of these applications, however it is still considered that new e-skins with enhanced sensor performances (i.e. sensitivity, flexibility, multifunctionality, etc.) should be developed. In accordance with these demands, two approaches to explore novel functional materials or to modify device architectures have been introduced for enhancing sensor performance and acquiring multifunctional sensing capabilities. Firstly, a synthesis of multifunctional materials combined with conductive fillers (carbon nanotube, graphene oxide) and functional polymer matrix (i.e. ferroelectric polymer, elastomer) can provide the multimodal sensing capability of various stimuli and stretchability. Secondly, controlling design of device structures into various micro/nanostructures enables a significant improvement on sensing capabilities of e-skins with sensitivity and multidirectional force sensing, resulting from structural advantages such as large surface area, effective stress propagation, and anisotropic deformation. Therefore, a demonstration of e-skin combined with the functional composites and uniquely designed microstructures can offer a powerful platform to realize ideal sensor systems for next generation applications such as wearable electronics, healthcare devices, acoustic sensor, and haptic interface devices.
In this thesis, we introduce the novel multifunctional and high performance electronic skins combined with various types of composite materials and nature-inspired 3D microstructures. Firstly, Chapter 1 briefly introduces various types of e-skins and the latest research trends of microstructured e-skins and summarizes the key components for their promising application fields. In chapters 2 and 3, mimicked by interlocking system between epidermal and dermal layers in human skin, we demonstrate the piezoresistive e-skins based on CNT/PDMS composite materials with interlocked microdome arrays for great pressure sensitivity and multidirectional force sensing capabilities. In chapter 4, we conduct in-depth study on giant tunneling piezoresistance in interlocking system and investigate systematically on the geometrical effect of microstructures on multidirectional force sensitivity and selectivity in interlocking sensor systems. In chapter 5, we demonstrate the ferroelectric e-skin that can detect and discriminate the static/dynamic touches and temperature inspired by multi-stimuli detection of various mechanoreceptors in human skin. Using the multifunctional sensing capabilities, we demonstrated our e-skin to the temperature-dependent pressure monitoring of artery vessel, high-precision acoustic sound detection, and surface texture recognition of various surfaces. In chapter 6, we demonstrate the linear and wide range pressure sensor with multilayered composite films having interlocked microdomes. In chapter 7, we present a new-concept of e-skin based on mechanochromic polymer and porous structures for overcoming limitations in conventional mechanochromic systems with low mechanochromic performances and limited stretchability. In addition, our mechanochromic e-skins enable the dual-mode detection of static and dynamic forces without any external power. Our e-skins based on functional composites and uniquely designed microstructures can provide a solid platform for next generation eskin in wearable electronics, humanoid robotics, flexible sensors, and wearable medical diagnostic systems.
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