Catalytic effects of B/N-co-Doped porous carbon incorporated with ketjenblack nanoparticles for all-vanadium redox flow batteries
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- Catalytic effects of B/N-co-Doped porous carbon incorporated with ketjenblack nanoparticles for all-vanadium redox flow batteries
- Ryu, Jaechan; Park, Minjoon; Cho, Jaephil
- Issue Date
- ELECTROCHEMICAL SOC INC
- JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY, v.163, no.1, pp.A5144 - A5149
- Heteroatom-doping in carbon structures plays a key role in the catalytic activities. We report bio-derived porous carbon catalysts by a self-contained nitrogen in orange peels with additional boron co-doping. This heteroatom co-doped porous carbon materials are coated with the ketjenblack nanoparticles (KB-BNPC) to increase electrical conductivity. We newly discover that the KB-BNPC electrocatalyst increases electrocatalytic activities toward vanadium redox couples of V2+/V3+ and VO2+/VO2+, demonstrating the improvement of redox onset potentials and peak currents. Notably, we control the doping ratio of B and N atoms, suggesting that B/N ratio of 0.65 gives rise to a synergistic effect of the heteroatoms for vanadium redox reactions. We believe that the optimized porous structures and defects in the KB-BNPC catalyst can facilitate the absorption and desorption of the vanadium ions by enhancing electron and mass transfer kinetics.
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