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Jun, Young Chul
Laboratory of Nanophotonics & Metamaterials (NanoMeta)
Research Interests
  • Nanophotonics, plasmonics, metamaterials, 4D printing, programmable matter, smart materials

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Directional perfect absorption using deep subwavelength low-permittivity films

Cited 9 times inthomson ciCited 8 times inthomson ci
Title
Directional perfect absorption using deep subwavelength low-permittivity films
Author
Luk, Ting S.Campione, SalvatoreKim, IltaiFeng, SiminJun, Young ChulLiu, ShengWright, Jeremy B.Brener, IgalCatrysse, Peter B.Fan, ShanhuiSinclair, Michael B.
Keywords
BREWSTER PHENOMENA; LAYERED MEDIA; ABSORBERS; LIGHT; THIN; RESONANCE
Issue Date
2014-08
Publisher
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Citation
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, v.90, no.8, pp.085411 -
Abstract
We experimentally demonstrate single beam directional perfect absorption (to within experimental accuracy) of p-polarized light in the near-infrared using unpatterned, deep subwavelength films of indium tin oxide (ITO) on Ag. The experimental perfect absorption occurs slightly above the epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) frequency of ITO, where the permittivity is less than 1 in magnitude. Remarkably, we obtain perfect absorption for films whose thickness is as low as similar to 1/50th of the operating free-space wavelength and whose single pass attenuation is only similar to 5%. We further derive simple analytical conditions for perfect absorption in the subwavelength-film regime that reveal the constraints that the thin layer permittivity must satisfy if perfect absorption is to be achieved. Then, to get a physical insight on the perfect absorption properties, we analyze the eigenmodes of the layered structure by computing both the real-frequency/complex-wavenumber and the complex-frequency/real-wavenumber modal dispersion diagrams. These analyses allow us to attribute the experimental perfect absorption condition to the crossover between bound and leaky behavior of one eigenmode of the layered structure. Both modal methods show that perfect absorption occurs at a frequency slightly larger than the ENZ frequency, in agreement with experimental results, and both methods predict a second perfect absorption condition at higher frequencies, attributed to another crossover between bound and leaky behavior of the same eigenmode. Our results greatly expand the list of materials that can be considered for use as ultrathin perfect absorbers and provide a methodology for the design of absorbing systems at any desired frequency
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DOI
10.1103/PhysRevB.90.085411
ISSN
2469-9950
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