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Cho, Seungho
Metal Oxide DEsign Laboratory (MODEL)
Research Interests
  • Metal Oxide Crystal Growth

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Solution-based fabrication of ZnO/ZnSe heterostructure nanowire arrays for solar energy conversion

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Title
Solution-based fabrication of ZnO/ZnSe heterostructure nanowire arrays for solar energy conversion
Other Titles
Solution-based fabrication of ZnO/ZnSe heterostructure nanowire arrays for solar energy conversion
Author
Cho, SeunghoJang, Ji-WookLim, Sang-HoonKang, Hyun JoonRhee, Shi-WooLee, Jae SungLee, Kun-Hong
Issue Date
2011-11
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Citation
JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY, v.21, no.44, pp.17816 - 17822
Abstract
We report a method for synthesizing ZnO/ZnSe heterostructure nanowire arrays for use in photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting. The surfaces of ZnO nanowires immobilized on a conducting glass substrate were modified to form ZnO/ZnSe heterostructure nanowire arrays through a reaction with an aqueous sodium selenite and hydrazine solution. ZnO/ZnSe heterostructure nanowires with different morphologies were synthesized by varying solution concentrations and reaction times. The ZnO nanowire/ZnSe nanoparticle heterostructures (ZS1) were synthesized by a dissolution-recrystallization mechanism. At longer reaction times and higher solution concentrations, the nanostructure arrays transformed into ZnO nanowire/ZnSe nanosphere heterostructure arrays (ZS2) via Ostwald ripening. ZnO/ZnSe heterostructure arrays (ZS1 and ZS2) yielded higher photocurrents than the pristine ZnO nanowire arrays in a PEC water splitting test under AM 1.5G simulated solar light. The ZnO/ZnSe heterostructure array photoanodes exhibited absorption in the visible spectrum (<550 nm in wavelength) with a high incident-photon-to-current-conversion efficiency (IPCE) of up to 47% (ZS1) or 57% (ZS2) at 0.0 V vs. Ag/AgCl. The photoanode yielded a relatively high photocurrent density of 1.67 mA cm(-2) (ZS1) or 2.35 mA cm(-2) (ZS2) at 0.3 V compared to the ZnO nanowire arrays (0.125 mA cm(-2)). Structural differences between ZS1 and ZS2 yielded different PEC performances. A comparison to ZS2 revealed that ZS1 exhibited a higher photocurrent density under a low applied potential (from -0.78 V to -0.07 V) and a lower photocurrent density under a high applied potential (above -0.07 V)
URI
https://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/12632
URL
http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2011/JM/c1jm14014k#!divAbstract
DOI
10.1039/c1jm14014k
ISSN
0959-9428
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