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Kwak, Ja Hun
Molecular Catalysis lab
Research Interests
  • Heterogeneous catalysis, molecular catalysis, ASlumima, zeolites

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Changing morphology of BaO/Al2O3 during NO2 uptake and release

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Title
Changing morphology of BaO/Al2O3 during NO2 uptake and release
Other Titles
Changing morphology of BaO/Al2O3 during NO2 uptake and release
Author
Szanyi, Ja´nosKwak, JahunHanson, JonathanWang, ChongminSzailer, Tama´sPeden, Charles H. F.
Keywords
FT-IR; STORAGE; CATALYSTS; ADSORPTION; PT/BAO/AL2O3; REDUCTION; NITRATE; BAO
Issue Date
2005-04
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Citation
JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, v.109, no.15, pp.7339 - 7344
Abstract
The changes in the morphology of Ba-oxide-based NOx storage/reduction catalysts were investigated using time-resolved X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, and energy dispersed spectroscopy. Large Ba(NO3)(2) crystallites form on the alumina support when the catalyst is prepared by the incipient wetness method using an aqueous Ba(NO3)(2) solution. Heating the sample to 873 K in a He flow results in the decomposition of the Ba(NO3)(2) phase and the formation of both a inonolayer BaO film strongly interacting with the alumina support and nanocrystalline BaO particles. Upon NO exposure of these BaO phases at room temperature, small (nanosized) Ba(NO3)(2) crystals and a monolayer of surface nitrate form. Heating this sample in NO2 results in the coalescence of the nanocrystalline Ba(NO3)(2) particles into large crystals. The average crystal size in the reformed Ba(NO3)(2) layer is significantly smaller than that measured after the catalyst preparation. Evidence is also presented for the existence of a monolayer Ba(NO3)(2) phase after thermal treatment in NO2, in addition to these large crystals. These results clearly demonstrate the dynamic nature of the Ba-containing phases that are active in the NOx storage/reduction process. The proposed morphology cycle may contribute to the understanding of the changes observed in the performances of these catalysts during actual operating conditions
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DOI
10.1021/jp044160z
ISSN
1520-6106
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ECHE_Journal Papers
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