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Ge Nanowires Anode sheathed with Amorphous Carbon for Rechargeable Lithium batteries

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Title
Ge Nanowires Anode sheathed with Amorphous Carbon for Rechargeable Lithium batteries
Author
Seo, Min-Ho
Advisor
Cho, Jaephil
Issue Date
2011-02
Publisher
Graduate school of UNIST
Abstract
The composite electrode composed of single crystalline Ge NWs sheathed with amorphous carbon showed excellent electrochemical properties of large reversible capacity, high coulombic efficiency, excellent rate capability and stable cycle performance. c-Ge NWs synthesized by using thermal decomposition of C2H2 gas at 700 °C under Ar atmosphere after SLS (solution-liquid-solid) growth were found to have good performance during cycling with Li. The rate capability for charging was shown reversible capacity of 963 mAh/g with a coulombic efficiency of 90% and 700 mAh/g at the rate of 6C (= 4800mA/g). Capacity retention after 100 cycles was 72% at the rate of 0.5C. The improved electrochemical performance of c-Ge-NWs fabricated in our experiment was attributed to the formation of amorphous Ge NWs during cycling and a homogenous carbon coating on Ge NWs. Thus, these results suggest that the use of nanowires structure can be promising for alloy anode materials in lithium ion batteries.
Description
Interdisciplinary School of Green Energy
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