Efficiency enhancement in low-bandgap polymer solar cells by processing with alkane dithiols
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- Efficiency enhancement in low-bandgap polymer solar cells by processing with alkane dithiols
- Peet, J.; Kim, Jin Young; Coates, N. E.; Ma, W. L; Moses, D.; Heeger, A. J.; Bazan, G. C.
- PHOTOINDUCED ELECTRON-TRANSFER; DONOR-ACCEPTOR HETEROJUNCTIONS; PHOTOVOLTAIC CELLS; MORPHOLOGY; CONVERSION; NETWORK; BLENDS; C-60
- Issue Date
- NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
- NATURE MATERIALS, v.6, no.7, pp.497 - 500
- High charge-separation efficiency combined with the reduced fabrication costs associated with solution processing and the potential for implementation on flexible substrates make 'plastic' solar cells a compelling option for tomorrow's photovoltaics. Attempts to control the donor/acceptor morphology in bulk heterojunction materials as required for achieving high power-conversion efficiency have, however, met with limited success. By incorporating a few volume per cent of alkanedithiols in the solution used to spin-cast films comprising a low-bandgap polymer and a fullerene derivative, the power-conversion efficiency of photovoltaic cells (air-mass 1.5 global conditions) is increased from 2.8% to 5.5% through altering the bulk heterojunction morphology. This discovery can potentially enable morphological control in bulk heterojunction materials where thermal annealing is either undesirable or ineffective.
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