Functional features of an ssi signal of plasmid pGKV21 in Escherichia coli
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- Functional features of an ssi signal of plasmid pGKV21 in Escherichia coli
- Jeong, JY; Yoon, GM; Seo, HS; Cho, Moo Je; Sakai, H; Komano, T; Bahk, JD
- DNA INITIATION SIGNALS; SINGLE-STRAND; REPLICATION ORIGIN; BACILLUS-SUBTILIS; PHAGE; PRIMOSOME; IDENTIFICATION; CONVERSION; SEQUENCES; CONTAINS
- Issue Date
- AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY
- JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, v.179, no.18, pp.5795 - 5801
- A single-strand initiation (ssi) signal was detected on the Lactococcus lactis plasmid pGKV21 containing the replicon of pWV01 by its ability to complement the poor growth of an M13 phage derivative (M13Δlac182) lacking the complementary-strand origin in Escherichia coli. This ssi signal was situated at the 229-nucleotide (nt) DdeI-DraI fragment and located within the 109 nt upstream of the nick site of the putative plus origin. SSI activity is orientation specific with respect to the direction of replication. We constructed an ssi signal-deleted plasmid and then examined the effects of the ssi signal on the conversion of the single-stranded replication intermediate to double-stranded plasmid DNA in E. coli. The plasmid lacking an ssi signal accumulated much more plasmid single-stranded DNA than the wild-type plasmid did. Moreover, deletion of this region caused a great reduction in plasmid copy number or plasmid maintenance. These results suggest that in E. coli, this ssi signal directs its lagging-strand synthesis as a minus origin of plasmid pGKV21. Primer RNA synthesis in vitro suggests that E. coli RNA polymerase directly recognizes the 229-nt ssi signal and synthesizes primer RNA dependent on the presence of E. coli single-stranded DNA binding (SSB) protein. This region contains two stem-loop structures, stem-loop I and stem-loop II. Deletion of stem-loop I portion results in loss of priming activity by E. coli RNA polymerase, suggesting that stem-loop I portion is essential for priming by E. coli RNA polymerase on the SSB-coated single-stranded DNA template.
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