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Author

Cho, Moo Je
Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology
Research Interests
  • Calcium Signaling

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Differential regulation of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent enzymes by plant calmodulin isoforms and free Ca2+ concentration

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Title
Differential regulation of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent enzymes by plant calmodulin isoforms and free Ca2+ concentration
Author
Lee, SHJohnson, JDWalsh, MPVan Lierop, JESutherland, CXu, ADSnedden, WAKosk-Kosicka, DFromm, HNarayanan, NCho, Moo Je
Keywords
Ca2+ signalling; Differential activation; Target enzyme regulation
Issue Date
200008
Publisher
PORTLAND PRESS LTD
Citation
BIOCHEMICAL JOURNAL, v.350, no., pp.299 - 306
Abstract
Multiple calmodulin (CaM) isoforms are expressed in plants, but their biochemical characteristics are not well resolved. Here we show the differential regulation exhibited by two soya bean CaM isoforms (SCaM-1 and SCaM-4) for the activation of five CaM-dependent enzymes, and the Ca2+ dependence of their target enzyme activation. SCaM-1 activated myosin light-chain kinase as effectively as brain CaM (K-aet 1.8 and 1.7 nM respectively), but SCaM-4 produced no activation of this enzyme. Both CaM isoforms supported near maximal activation of CaM-dependent protein kinase II (CaM KII), but SCaM-4 exhibited approx.12-fold higher K-aet than SCaM-1 for CaM KII phosphorylation of caldesmon. The SCaM isoforms showed differential activation of plant and animal Ca2+-ATPases. The plant Ca2+-ATPase was activated maximally by both isoforms, while the erythrocyte Ca2+-ATPase was activated only by SCaM-1. Plant glutamate decarboxylase was activated fully by SCaM-1, but SCaM-4 exhibited an approx. 4-fold increase in K-aet and an approx. 25 % reduction in V-max. Importantly, SCaM isoforms showed a distinct Ca2+ concentration requirement for target enzyme activation. SCaM-4 required 4-fold higher [Ca2+] for half-maximal activation of CaM KII, and 1.5-fold higher [Ca2+] for activation of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase than SCaM-1. Thus these plant CaM isoforms provide a mechanism by which a different subset of target enzymes could be activated or inhibited by the differential expression of these CaM isoforms or by differences in Ca2+ transients.
URI
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DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1042/0264-6021:3500299
ISSN
0264-6021
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