Soybean ascorbate peroxidase suppresses Bax-induced apoptosis in yeast by inhibiting oxygen radical generation
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- Soybean ascorbate peroxidase suppresses Bax-induced apoptosis in yeast by inhibiting oxygen radical generation
- Moon, H; Baek, D; Lee, B; Prasad, DT; Lee, SY; Cho, Moo Je; Lim, CO; Choi, MS; Bahk, J; Kim, MO; Hong, JC; Yun, DJ
- Apoptosis; Ascorbate peroxidase; Bax-induced cell death; Reactive oxygen species; Saccharomyces cerevisiae
- Issue Date
- ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
- BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS, v.290, no.1, pp.457 - 462
- Bax, a mammalian proapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family, can induce cell death when expressed in yeast or plant cells. To identify plant Bax inhibitors, we cotransformed a soybean cDNA library and the Bax gene into yeast cells and screened for expressed genes that prevented Bax-induced apoptosis. From the Bax-inhibiting genes isolated, ascorbate peroxidase (sAPX) was selected for characterization. The transcription of sAPX in plants was specifically induced by oxidative stress. Moreover, overexpression of sAPX partially suppressed the H2O2-sensitive phenotype of yeast cytosolic catalase T (Δctt)- and thermosensitive phenotype of cytochrome c peroxidase (Δccp)-deleted mutant cells. Examination of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production using the fluorescence method of dihydrorhodamine 123 oxidation revealed that expression of Bax in yeast cells generated ROS, which was greatly reduced by coexpression with sAPX. Our results collectively suggest that sAPX inhibits the generation of ROS by Bax, which in turn suppresses Bax-induced cell death in yeast.
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