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Author

Xiong, Shuping
Ergonomics and Applied Biomechanics Lab
Research Interests
  • Ergonomic product design & development (especially footwear and body-fitted products)

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Modelling foot height and foot shape-related dimensions

Cited 24 times inthomson ciCited 25 times inthomson ci
Title
Modelling foot height and foot shape-related dimensions
Author
Xiong, ShupingGoonetilleke, Ravindra S.Witana, Channa P.Au, Emily Yim Lee
Keywords
Allometry; Anatomy; Anthropometry; Foot; Footwear fit; Midfoot; Midfoot height; Modelling
Issue Date
200808
Publisher
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Citation
ERGONOMICS, v.51, no.8, pp.1272 - 1289
Abstract
The application of foot anthropometry to design good-fitting footwear has been difficult due to the lack of generalised models. This study seeks to model foot dimensions so that the characteristic shapes of feet, especially in the midfoot region, can be understood. Fifty Hong Kong Chinese adults (26 males and 24 females) participated in this study. Their foot lengths, foot widths, ball girths and foot heights were measured and then evaluated using mathematical models. The results showed that there were no significant allometry (p0.05) effects of foot length on ball girth and foot width. Foot height showed no direct relationship with foot length. However, a normalisation with respect to foot length and foot height resulted in a significant relationship for both males and females with R2 greater than 0.97. Due to the lack of a direct relationship between foot height and foot length, the current practice of grading shoes with a constant increase in height or proportionate scaling in response to foot length is less than ideal. The results when validated with other populations can be a significant way forward in the design of footwear that has an improved fit in the height dimension.
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DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140130801996147
ISSN
0014-0139
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