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Author

Xiong, Shuping
Ergonomics and Applied Biomechanics Lab
Research Interests
  • Ergonomic product design & development (especially footwear and body-fitted products)

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Effects of surface characteristics on the plantar shape of feet and subjects' perceived sensations

Cited 19 times inthomson ciCited 20 times inthomson ci
Title
Effects of surface characteristics on the plantar shape of feet and subjects' perceived sensations
Author
Witana, Channa R.Goonetilleke, Ravindra S.Xiong, ShupingAu, Emily Y. L.
Keywords
Cushioning; Custom-made orthotics; Foot shape; Footwear; Perception; Plantar shape
Issue Date
200903
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation
APPLIED ERGONOMICS, v.40, no.2, pp.267 - 279
Abstract
Orthotics and other types of shoe inserts are primarily designed to reduce injury and improve comfort. The interaction between the plantar surface of the foot and the load-bearing surface contributes to foot and surface deformations and hence to perceived comfort, discomfort or pain. The plantar shapes of 16 participants' feet were captured when standing on three support surfaces that had different cushioning properties in the mid-foot region. Foot shape deformations were quantified using 3D laser scans. A questionnaire was used to evaluate the participant's perceptions of perceived shape and perceived feeling. The results showed that the structure in the mid-foot could change shape, independent of the rear-foot and forefoot regions. Participants were capable of identifying the shape changes with distinct preferences towards certain shapes. The cushioning properties of the mid-foot materials also have a direct influence on perceived feelings. This research has strong implications for the design and material selection of orthotics, insoles and footwear.
URI
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DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2008.04.014
ISSN
0003-6870
Appears in Collections:
DHE_Journal Papers

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