Effect of compatibilizer on the crystallization, rheological, and tensile properties of LDPE/EVOH blends
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- Effect of compatibilizer on the crystallization, rheological, and tensile properties of LDPE/EVOH blends
- Lee, Sang-Young; Kim, SC
- Constraint effect; Ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVOH); Interfacial adhesion; Low-density polyethylene (LDPE); Maleic anhydride-grafted linear low-density polyethylene (LLD-g-MAH); Retarded crystallization
- Issue Date
- JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, v.68, no.8, pp.1245 - 1256
- The effect of the compatibilizer on the crystallization, rheological, and tensile properties of low-density polyethylene (LDPE)/ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVOH)(70/30) blends was investigated. Maleic anhydride-grafted linear low-density polyethylene (LLD-g-MAH) was used as the compatibilizer in various concentrations (from 1 to 12 phr). The interesting effect of compatibilization on the crystallization kinetics of the blends was noted, and the correlation between the morphology and the rheological and tensile properties was also discussed. Morphological analysis showed that the blends exhibited a regular and finer dispersion of the EVOH phase when LLD-g-MAH was added. Nonisothermal crystallization exotherms of the compatibilized LDPE/EVOH blends showed the retarded crystallization of the dispersed EVOH phase, which probably resulted from the constraint effect of the grafted EVOH (EVOH-g-LLD) as well as the size reduction of the EVOH domains. The blends exhibited increased melt viscosity and storage modulus and also enhanced tensile properties with the addition of LLD-g-MAH, which seemed to be attributable to both dispersed particle-size reduction and improved interfacial adhesion.
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