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Min, Kyung-Tai
Molecular & Cellular Neurobiology Lab(Min Lab)
Research Interests
  • Local protein synthesis, learning & memory, behavior, mitochondrial dynamics

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Roles of Drosophila DJ-1 in survival of dopaminergic neurons and oxidative stress

Cited 113 times inthomson ciCited 111 times inthomson ci
Title
Roles of Drosophila DJ-1 in survival of dopaminergic neurons and oxidative stress
Author
Menzies, FMYenisetti, SCMin, Kyung-Tai
Keywords
PARKINSONS-DISEASE; MODEL
Issue Date
200509
Publisher
CELL PRESS
Citation
CURRENT BIOLOGY, v.15, no.17, pp.1578 - 1582
Abstract
The loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra is the pathological hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD). While the etiology of sporadic PD remains elusive, an inherited form of early-onset familial PD is linked to mutations of DJ-1 [1]. To understand the biological function of DJ-1 and its relevance to the pathogenesis of PD, we investigated the function of DJ-1 using Drosophila. Drosophila possesses two homologs of human DJ-1: DJ-1 alpha and DJ-1 beta. We found that DJ-1a is expressed predominantly in the testis, while DJ-1 beta is ubiquitously present in most tissues, resembling the expression pattern of human DJ-1. Loss-of-function DJ-1 beta mutants demonstrated an extended survival of dopaminergic neurons and resistance to paraquat stress, but showed acute sensitivity to hydrogen peroxide treatment. We showed a compensatory upregulation of DJ-1 alpha expression in the brain of the DJ-1 beta mutant and demonstrated that overexpression of DJ-1 alpha in dopaminergic neurons is sufficient to confer protection against paraquat insult. These results suggest that Drosophila homologs of DJ-1 play critical roles in the survival of dopaminergic neurons and response to oxidative stress.
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DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2005.07.036
ISSN
0960-9822
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