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Lee, Jeong Chul
Interdisciplinary School of Green Energy
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Three dimensional a-Si:H thin-film solar cells with silver nano-rod back electrodes

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Title
Three dimensional a-Si:H thin-film solar cells with silver nano-rod back electrodes
Author
Jang, JihoonKim, MinjinKim, YangdooKim, KyungminBaik, Seung JaeLee, HeonLee, Jeong Chul
Keywords
a-Si:H solar cells; Ag nano-rod; Light trapping; Nano imprint lithography
Issue Date
201405
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
CURRENT APPLIED PHYSICS, v.14, no.5, pp.637 - 640
Abstract
We present three dimensional (3-D) amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) thin-film solar cells with silver nano-rods as back electrodes, which are fabricated by low cost nano imprint lithography (NIL). After conformal deposition of thin metal and semiconductor layers, we can achieve a dome-shaped geometry, which is shown to be effective in reducing the reflectance at the front surface due to the graded refractive index effect. In addition, the enhancement of the diffused reflectance over a broad wavelength in this dome-shaped geometry provides light trapping due to the increase in the effective light propagation length. Using this 3-D solar cell, we achieved 54% increase in short circuit current density and 45% increase in the conversion efficiency compared to the control cells with flat Ag surfaces. This 3-D structure can be also used for improving light harvesting in various photovoltaic devices regardless of materials and structures.
URI
http://scholarworks.unist.ac.kr/handle/201301/4948
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cap.2014.02.006
ISSN
1567-1739
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