Polyol pathway and diabetic nephropathy revisited: Early tubular cell changes and glomerulopathy in diabetic mice overexpressing human aldose reductase
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- Polyol pathway and diabetic nephropathy revisited: Early tubular cell changes and glomerulopathy in diabetic mice overexpressing human aldose reductase
- (Hashimoto, Yasuhiro; Yamagishi, Shin-Ichiro; Mizukami, Hiroki; Yabe-Nishimura, Chihiro; Lim, Sun Woo; Kwon, H. Moo; Yagihashi, Soroku
- Aldose reductase; Diabetic nephropathy; Tubuloglomerular feedback system
- Issue Date
- JOURNAL OF DIABETES INVESTIGATION, v.2, no.2, pp.111 - 122
- Aims/Introduction: The polyol pathway has long been involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. It remains still unclear, however, how the polyol pathway is implicated in this process. We explored the effects of the enhanced polyol pathway on renocortical tubular cells and glomeruli in experimentally-induced diabetes.
Materials and Methods: Transgenic mice (Tg) overexpressing human aldose reductase were made diabetic by streptozotocin and followed for 8 weeks. Renocortical pathology, expressions of tonicity-responsive enhancer binding protein (TonEBP) and carboxymethyllysine of advanced glycation end-products, were examined. Wild-type non-transgenic mice (Wt) were also made diabetic and served as controls.
Results: Diabetic Tg showed augmented expression of TonEBP in renocortical tubular cells with vacuolated degenerative changes. These structural changes were associated with pronounced deposition of carboxymethyllysine. There was a significant increase in kidney weight, glomerular size, and mesangial area in diabetic animals and there was a trend for more severe changes in these measures in diabetic transgenic mice compared with those in control diabetic mice. Treatment with aldose reductase inhibitor significantly prevented polyol accumulation, mesangial expansion and expressions of TonEBP and carboxymethyllysine in diabetic Tg, but its effects on the renal structure were equivocal in control diabetic Wt.
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that tubuloglomerular change might contribute to early diabetic nephropathy under the influence of the enhanced polyol pathway.
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