Highly Reversible Li-Ion Intercalating MoP2 Nanoparticle Cluster Anode for Lithium Rechargeable Batteries
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- Highly Reversible Li-Ion Intercalating MoP2 Nanoparticle Cluster Anode for Lithium Rechargeable Batteries
- Kim, Min Gyu; Lee, Sanghan; Cho, Jaephil
- Absorption spectroscopy; Lithium; Lithium compounds; Metal recovery; Nanoparticles; X ray spectroscopy
- Issue Date
- ELECTROCHEMICAL SOC INC
- JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY, v.156, no.2, pp.A89 - A94
- Simple mechanochemical reaction of Mo and P elements in an inert atmosphere can lead to formation of crystalline Mo P2 nanoparticle clusters consisting of dispersed ∼10 nm -sized nanoparticles. The Mo P2 nanoparticle clusters have quite reversible lithium-ion insertion and extraction, showing the first discharge and charge capacities of 817 and 719 mAhg (coulombic efficiency of 88%), respectively between 0 and 1.5 V. Moreover, capacity retention after 60 cycles is 93% (669 mAhg). In situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy, ex situ transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction results confirm no decomposition of Mo P2 to other phases. However, upon increasing the cutoff voltage to 2 V, the capacity remains stable out to 10 cycles, after which it decreases rapidly, suggesting that Mo P2 is decomposed to Mo and Lin P phases.
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