Ligase Detection Reaction Generation of Reverse Molecular Beacons for Near Real-Time Analysis of Bacterial Pathogens Using Single-Pair Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer and a Cyclic Olefin Copolymer Microfluidic Chip
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- Ligase Detection Reaction Generation of Reverse Molecular Beacons for Near Real-Time Analysis of Bacterial Pathogens Using Single-Pair Fluorescence Resonance Energy Transfer and a Cyclic Olefin Copolymer Microfluidic Chip
- Peng, Zhiyong; Soper, Steven A.; Pingle, Maneesh R.; Barany, Francis; Davis, Lloyd M.
- 16S rRNA gene; Bacterial pathogens; Close proximity; Continuous flows; Cyclic Olefin Copolymers; Fluorescence resonance energy transfer; Innovative strategies; Laser induced fluorescence; Ligase detection reactions; Micro-fluidic devices; Microfluidic chip; Molecular beacon; On chips; Pathogenic bacterium; Potential threats; Real time analysis; Single-molecule detection; Single-molecule photons; Specific primers; Target sequences; Thermal cycle
- Issue Date
- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
- ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, v.82, no.23, pp.9727 - 9735
- Detection of pathogenic bacteria and viruses require strategies that can signal the presence of these targets in near real-time due to the potential threats created by rapid dissemination into water and/or food supplies In this paper, we report an innovative strategy that can rapidly detect bacterial pathogens using reporter sequences found in their genome without requiring polymerase chain reaction (PCR) A pair of strain-specific primers was designed based on the 168 rRNA gene and were end-labeled with a donor (Cy5) or acceptor (Cy5 5) dye In the presence of the target bacterium, the primers were joined using a ligase detection reaction (LDR) only when the primers were completely complementary to the target sequence to form a reverse molecular beacon (rMB), thus bringing Cy5 (donor) and Cy5 5 (acceptor) into close proximity to allow fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) to occur These rMBs were subsequently analyzed using single molecule detection of the FRET pairs (single-pair FRET, spFRET) The LDR was performed using a continuous flow thermal cycling process configured in a cyclic olefin copolymer (COC) microfluidic device using either 2 or 20 thermal cycles Single molecule photon bursts from the resulting rMBs were detected on chip and registered using a simple laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) instrument. The spFRET signatures from the target pathogens were reported in as little as 2 6 mm using spFRET.
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