Multiscale saliency detection using random walk with restart
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- Multiscale saliency detection using random walk with restart
- Kim, Jun-Seong; Sim, Jae-Young; Kim, Chang-Su
- Compactness feature; hierarchical saliency refinement; Markov chain; multiscale saliency detection; random walk with restart
- Issue Date
- IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC
- IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS FOR VIDEO TECHNOLOGY, v.24, no.2, pp.198 - 210
- In this paper, we propose a graph-based multiscale saliency-detection algorithm by modeling eye movements as a random walk on a graph. The proposed algorithm first extracts intensity, color, and compactness features from an input image. It then constructs a fully connected graph by employing image blocks as the nodes. It assigns a high edge weight if the two connected nodes have dissimilar intensity and color features and if the ending node is more compact than the starting node. Then, the proposed algorithm computes the stationary distribution of the Markov chain on the graph as the saliency map. However, the performance of the saliency detection depends on the relative block size in an image. To provide a more reliable saliency map, we develop a coarse-to-fine refinement technique for multiscale saliency maps based on the random walk with restart (RWR). Specifically, we use the saliency map at a coarse scale as the restarting distribution of RWR at a fine scale. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm detects visual saliency precisely and reliably. Moreover, the proposed algorithm can be efficiently used in the applications of proto-object extraction and image retargeting.
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