Tailoring the electronic band gap of graphyne
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- Tailoring the electronic band gap of graphyne
- Koo, Jahyun; Huang, Bing; Lee, Hosik; Kim, Gunn; Nam, Jaewook; Kwon, Yongkyung; Lee, Hoonkyung
- Issue Date
- AMER CHEMICAL SOC
- JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, v.118, no.5, pp.2463 - 2468
- We report a first-principles study on tuning the electronic band gap of graphyne, consisting of two-dimensional sp-sp2 hybrid carbon atoms, by chemical functionalization. Halogen atoms form a sp2 hybridization with sp-bonded carbon atoms. This is in sharp contrast to the adsorption of halogen atoms onto graphene: fluorine atoms on graphene form sp3 bonds, while chlorine, bromine, and iodine atoms do not form any bond to graphene. The band gaps of graphyne increase by ∼3 eV as the halogen concentration varies, comparable to the ∼3.4 and ∼2.7 eV engineered band gaps of graphene by hydrogenation and fluorination, respectively. We also find that the mixture adsorption of hydrogen and halogen atoms is favorable compared with the segregation of the hydrogen-attached phase and the halogen-attached one and that the band gaps are tunable by ∼1.5 eV as the hydrogen-halogen concentration varies. We also consider sp3 hybrid bonds by halogenation to sp-bonded carbon atoms.
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