Rapid and accurate generation of various concentration gradients using polydimethylsiloxane-sealed hydrogel device
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- Rapid and accurate generation of various concentration gradients using polydimethylsiloxane-sealed hydrogel device
- Kim, Minseok; Jia, Mingjie; Kim, Youngmi; Kim, Taesung
- Chemotaxis; Concentration gradient; Hydrogel; Microfluidics; Polydimethylsiloxane
- Issue Date
- SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
- MICROFLUIDICS AND NANOFLUIDICS, v.16, no.4, pp.645 - 654
- We report a microfluidic device that can rapidly and accurately generate various concentration gradients in a controllable manner for the chemotaxis study of motile bacterial cells by integrating hydrogel into polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microchannels. We performed numerical simulations for both the PDMS-sealed hydrogel hybrid device and a representative conventional hydrogel-based device to theoretically compare their characteristics. In addition, we experimentally demonstrated that the PDMS-sealed hydrogel device not only produces various linear and nonlinear concentration gradients without flow-induced shear stresses on motile bacterial cells but also exhibits remarkable advantages over conventional hydrogel-based devices. For example, the PDMS-sealed hydrogel device can be used for fast and accurate generation of various concentration gradients, prevents dehydration of hydrogel and evaporation of solutions, directs diffusion of chemicals such as chemoattractants, exhibits long-term durability, and is easy to handle. Because the hydrogel used is biocompatible and arbitrary concentration profiles can be easily designed and produced on a chip, we believe that not only the PDMS-sealed hydrogel fabrication method but also the versatile concentration gradient generation device can be used for various studies on interaction between chemicals and cells including bacterial chemotaxis assays.
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