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Kim, Jaai
School of Urban and Environmental Engineering
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Thermo-alkaline pretreatment of waste activated sludge at low-temperatures: Effects on sludge disintegration, methane production, and methanogen community structure

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Title
Thermo-alkaline pretreatment of waste activated sludge at low-temperatures: Effects on sludge disintegration, methane production, and methanogen community structure
Author
Kim, JaaiYu, YoungseobLee, Changsoo
Keywords
Community structures; Methane production; NaOH concentration; Pre-Treatment; Pretreatment conditions; Response surface analysis; Sludge disintegration; Waste activated sludges
Issue Date
201309
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation
BIORESOURCE TECHNOLOGY, v.144, no., pp.194 - 201
Abstract
Low-temperature thermo-alkaline pretreatment of waste activated sludge (WAS) was studied, within the region of 0-0.2M NaOH and 60-90°C, for the effects of NaOH concentration and temperature on sludge degradability in anaerobic digestion (AD). Significant disintegration of sludge solids (up to 75.6%) and an increase in methane production (up to 70.6%) were observed in the pretreatment trials. Two quadratic models were successfully generated by response surface analysis (R2>0.9, p<0.05) to approximate how the degree of sludge disintegration (SD) and methane production (MP) respond to changes in the pretreatment conditions. The maximum responses of SD (77.8%) and MP (73.9% increase over the control) were shown at [0.16M NaOH, 90°C] and [0.10M NaOH, 73.7°C], respectively. NaOH addition showed a significant influence on the evolution of methanogen community structure during AD, whereas temperature did not. Aceticlastic Methanosaeta and Methanosarcina speceies were likely the major methanogens.
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DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.06.115
ISSN
0960-8524
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