Silicon nanoparticle size-dependent open circuit voltage in an organic-inorganic hybrid solar cell
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- Silicon nanoparticle size-dependent open circuit voltage in an organic-inorganic hybrid solar cell
- Kim, Seongbeom; Lee, Jae Hee; Swihart, Mark T.; Lee, Jeong Chul; Kim, Jin Young
- Hybrid solar cell; Organic inorganic solar cell; Silicon nanocrystal; Silicon nanoparticle
- Issue Date
- ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
- CURRENT APPLIED PHYSICS, v.14, no.1, pp.127 - 131
- We have incorporated silicon nanoparticles (Si-nps) into organic-inorganic hybrid solar cells in place of the chalcogenide nanocrystals that are commonly employed in such devices. Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxy-thiophene):poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) and phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) were employed as hole and electron transport layers, respectively. We used transmission electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy to fully characterize the Si-nps and relate their characteristics to the performance of the hybrid solar cells. We show that the open circuit voltage (VOC) was largely dependent on the size and amorphous volume fraction of Si-nps. Our findings imply that the amorphous phase and small size of Si-nps produce band gap widening that increases the VOC when coupled with PCBM as acceptor. The maximum VOC was up to 0.634 V in a hybrid device with 5.7 nm Si-nps.
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