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Walker, Bright
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Effects of heteroatom substitutions on the crystal structure, film formation, and optoelectronic properties of diketopyrrolopyrrole-based materials

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Title
Effects of heteroatom substitutions on the crystal structure, film formation, and optoelectronic properties of diketopyrrolopyrrole-based materials
Author
Liu, JianhuaWalker, BrightTamayo, ArnoldZhang, YuanThuc-Quyen Nguyen
Keywords
Charge mobilities; Conjugated molecules; Film morphology; Organic solar cell; Structure property relationships
Issue Date
201301
Publisher
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
Citation
ADVANCED FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS, v.23, no.1, pp.47 - 56
Abstract
Substitution of the heteroatoms in the aromatic end-groups of three diketopyrrolopyrrole containing small molecules is investigated to evaluate how such substitutions affect various physical properties, charge transport, and the performance in bulk heterojunction solar cells. While the optical absorption and frontier orbital energy levels are insensitive to heteroatom substitution, the materials' solubility, thermal properties, film morphology, charge carrier mobility, and photovoltaic performance are altered significantly. Differences in material properties are found to arise from changes in intra- and intermolecular interactions in the solid state caused by heteroatom substitution, as revealed by the single crystal structures of three compounds. This study demonstrates a systematic investigation of structureproperty relationships in conjugated small molecules.
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DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201201599
ISSN
1616-301X
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